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The 21 Point Agreement, also known as the Agreement of the Central People`s Government and the Local Government of Tibet on Measures for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet, was signed on May 23, 1951, between representatives of the Chinese government and the Tibetan government-in-exile.

This agreement is significant because it led to the integration of Tibet into the People`s Republic of China. It outlines the terms and conditions under which Tibet would be governed and its relationship with the Chinese government.

The agreement covers various aspects, including the sovereignty and territorial integrity of China, the autonomy of Tibet, and the protection of the rights of the Tibetan people. It also defines the administrative structure of Tibet, the role of the Dalai Lama and the Panchen Lama, and the status of Tibetan Buddhism.

One of the most contentious issues surrounding the 21 Point Agreement is whether it was signed voluntarily by the Tibetan government or under duress. The Tibetan government maintains that it signed the agreement under pressure from the Chinese government, while the Chinese government claims that the signing was a result of negotiations between both parties.

The 21 Point Agreement remains a controversial topic to this day, with some Tibetans arguing that it led to the suppression of Tibetan culture and religion under Chinese rule. Others, however, point out that it paved the way for economic development and modernization in Tibet.

In conclusion, the 21 Point Agreement is a historic document that played a crucial role in shaping the relationship between Tibet and China. While it is debated whether the agreement was signed voluntarily or under duress, it remains an important piece of history that continues to influence the politics of the region today.